Glassware such as whisky tumblers and wine glasses, champagne flutes and cognac snifters are well known and a perfect match for their respective spirits. We will talk in detail about all the types of glasses for wine, champagne, whiskey, cognac, about their origin, and offer you unique and beautiful glassware for each type of alcoholic beverage in this article.
Residents of ancient Greece and Rome did not use glasses at all, but the ancient Egyptians often drank wine from them. Glassware appeared in Europe in the fifteenth century AD thanks to Venetian glassblowers from the island Murano, their design was quite simple: a small bowl on a glass stem. Such dishes acquired an aesthetic appearance and were spread to different countries.
Each European country had its own authentic culture and brought something different to this element of refectory dishes. For example, monograms, ornaments, religious images. It is well known that jewelry was widely popular in the German States, so the fact that precious stones were encrusted in glasses will not be a surprise to anyone.
It is generally believed that tableware for drinks is made only of glass, or at least crystal. But in fact, this is far from the case. Metal dishes seem to immerse a person in a medieval atmosphere, you can imagine that you are drinking wine from a goblet. Stone tableware for drinks looks stylish and beautiful, brings a sense of luxury and prosperity to the interior of the room. So, products made of turquoise, gold, silver, malachite, and quartz will be a great decoration for a bar, kitchen, and table. The prices of extraordinary dishes are made up of the rarity of materials, the quality of production, the complexity of the pattern and shape. These items look very beautiful and authentic.
Let’s take a look at different types of glassware for alcoholic beverages.
It is hard to believe, but the taste, aroma and even color of the wine will directly depend on what shape, size of the glass and what glass it was made of. This will be very easy to make sure, just by tasting the wine from the same bottle, pouring it, for example, in a coffee mug or shot. The taste of the drink from the shot or coffee mug will be very different from its taste from a special glass.
Glasses for red wine are traditionally larger than for white wine. Professionals in the field of tasting and winemaking have developed certain types of vessels for almost every type of drink.
Glasses of the “Bordeaux” type are the most popular, they are used not only for the famous French wine, but also for most red wines with a high level of tannins and moderate acidity, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Tempranillo, Shiraz, Chianti.
The glass has a rather high leg, on which a large and wide bowl is placed. This form is aimed at stimulating the central receptors of the tongue that perceive the sweet taste, which allows you to soften the astringency that tannins give.
An even wider bowl of glasses “Burgundy” are designed for wines with high acidity, alcohol levels of more than 12.5% and moderate tannins-Pinot Noir, primarily Burgundy, as well as Barolo and Barbaresco. The wine is directed to the tip of the tongue, which makes the acidity less pronounced. Aromatic substances are “collected” in the bowl and sent to the nose, allowing you to feel the whole range of delicate bouquet.
“Port” glasses were developed for vintage port wine: more “simple” varieties are usually drunk from Bordeaux glasses, which have a similar shape, but are significantly larger than “port” in size. A small bowl allows you to focus on the notes of pepper, black currant, and oak bark, which in this case are not overshadowed by the smell of alcohol.
The classic shape of a white wine glass is reminiscent of “Bordeaux”. The smaller size of the bowl allows you to sip a drink that is more demanding to the serving temperature faster and the thin stem makes it possible to rotate it, releasing aromatic substances. In most cases, the same glasses are used for rose wines.
Champagne and other sparkling wines are most often served with wine glasses or flutes with a narrow and thin bowl. But among professionals, they are not popular, because this form does not allow you to enjoy the aroma. The bowl of the glass can be quite narrow, but it must expand up: in this case, you will not lose a single note of the bouquet.
Whisky tumbler may have a slightly barrel shape. The classic version – the walls are straight; the bottom is thickened. It is used for Irish and Scotch whisky with ice, whisky stones or in pure form. The volume is two hundred milliliters.
A classic cognac glass is a snifter (brandy glass, balloon). The snifter has a rounded shape that tapers up. The stem of these glasses, unlike wine glasses, is short. This form of glass, first of all, allows you to feel all the flavor that a real cognac should have. Secondly, the short stem allows you to take the glass comfortably with your palm between the base of the foot and the bowl itself, thereby heating the drink with the warmth of your hand. The volume of cognac snifters varies from 70 to 700 ml. Classic snifters are made of thin glass or even crystal. Quite often, elite crystal snifters are decorated with precious stones or gilding.
In addition to the classic snifters, cognac is drunk from the tulip glasses. These glasses are thin glasses with a high stem, somewhat resembling the opening of a Tulip Bud. Cognac glasses, as a rule, are used for young cognacs, the aging of which is about 3 years.