Gzhel Porcelain History

Gzhel is deservedly considered the birthplace of Russian ceramics, its significance in the history of art comparable to the world’s ceramic centers. The history of craft goes back almost seven centuries since people settled here and discovered deposits of clay with unusual features. The first ceramic material in which local craftsmen managed to achieve art results was majolica. The forms of most majolica vessels were based on traditional forms of ceramics of the XVII century. The same capacious globular jugs, elegantly painted with fairy-tale cities, fantastic birds, picturesque flowers, and herbs. But time changed, tastes changed, faience appeared, and majolica was replaced, having existed no more than half a century. Majolica was replaced by semi-faience, faience, and then porcelain.

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